Monday, 15 October 2018

UGANDA: Of Mbale mudlides and Museveni's oppositionslides


Mudslides have once again hit Bugisu subregion claiming many lives. Since the first incident of 2010 that claimed the lives of 350 people, several other incidents have continued to take place and for the Museveni regime, it's been business as usual. During the initial incident of 2010, Museveni donned in full combat gear and brandishing an AK 47 assault rifle rushed to the scene where he promised heaven on earth.

During the 2017 mudslides incident, Museveni told locals that; "deaths by mudslides should not occur again because it is easy to manage and avoid them."

This time round he has gone to Mbale though in combat gear but left his AK 47 in his car save for his short gun which he always conceals. However, he was conspicuously in a jovial tourist mood.

“I am going to resign my ministerial post in protest because we are not being supported. I am a technical man and I speak the truth. There are no political manoeuvers that can solve this problem. I have been in the struggle to see that people are relocated. I have been fighting hard in the Cabinet but I am equally disappointed. I should resign and go away and stay back in Lamwo.”

Hon. Hillary Onek, Museveni's Minister of Disaster Preparedness and Refugees - 13/10/2018.

Minister Onek's explained that although the government purchased land in Bunambutye Sub-county, Bulambuli District for purposes of relocating those living in mudslide-prone areas, the process slowed down due to a lack of resources. The land, measuring 2,800 acres, was acquired in 2003. Shs8b had been earmarked to facilitate the acquisition of the land and the resettlement, but some of it was abused by officials in the Office of the Prime Minister and part of the land that was acquired is located in a wetland. Even the land that is available cannot be used to resettle the people because it is said the person who was paid was not its rightful owner.

"On return from London, I went to Bududa District to assess the havoc wreaked by the recent landslides and also condole with the families that lost their loved ones. On government's behalf I apologize for the delayed resettlement of those living in landslide-prone areas to safer places, and commit that this process will be fast-tracked to avoid any further causalities.
I was let down by my people. I apologize on their behalf. A plan was made and the people had agreed to move but it seems there was lack of coordination in government. I apologise for this, we are now going to move very fast."

In a bid to counter growing political dissent, Museveni has been focusing on buying support in different hotspot areas of the country. To counter the current wave of opposition led Defiance and People Power, he is currently focusing on duping the residents of Kampala with cash handouts.
Just last week he dished out more than Shs 3 billion to traders in downtown Kampala during his tour of the area.

The donations are even likely to increase once the details of smaller Saccos are fine-tuned and submitted to the President's Office for consideration. Museveni promised the traders even more money and more goodies - literally promising to solve all the financial problems raised by the traders. He bluntly told traders that they had abandoned him by electing opposition politicians and he'd abandoned them too.

Just five months ago, he dished out 5b shillings to some residents of Rukungiri Municipality in a single day as a way of countering the opposition in a parliamentary by-election; which he flatly lost.

“The money I am using here; I have taken it from my pocket as President but there is a lot of money in your government but you don’t know how to get it. You don’t know each other and you don’t care. The young ones [people] have been caught up in FDC which is deceiving them."

The latest incident comes at a time when Museveni has adopted to using refugees to tap into donor funding. The Mbale mudslide victims will be horded into IDPs as he seeks donor funding for their resettlement.

On the other hand, the people of Mbale should aggressively adopt the People Power and Defiance approach if they are to attract Museveni's oppositionslide intervention.
For Minister Onek, you have put the rope in your neck and at the next cabinet reshuffle, you will be hanged.

change of guards

Saturday, 13 October 2018

UGANDA: Fighting a military dictatorship needs no opportunism (PHOTOS)


"Others want to ride on his popularity to become Councillors…etc."
Dr. Besigye on Bobi Wine's supporters in an interview with the Nile Post - 9th August, 2018

“I no longer need chaos, what happened to me in Arua is enough,” Wadri stated when asked why he did not welcome Bobi Wine and Zaake on their return from medical treatment abroad."

Hon. Kasiano Wadri in an interview with an online news outlet; info 256 - on 12 August, 2018.

The former Terego county member of parliament added he subscribes to Mugisha Muntu New Formation because it believes in diplomacy and building structure rather than using violence as means to remove Museveni from power.

The revelation by Wadri comes barely a month after the family of Kawuma accused him of not visiting the family ever since the brutal assassination of former Bobi Wine's driver in Arua."

On June 12, 2017 the Daily Monitor ran a headline; UGANDA'S LEADERS' MOST FAMOUS QUOTES part III; among which Museveni is quoted thus;
"By using violence against State violence, we were able to establish equilibrium where the people in power must be persuaded once and for all never to violate the rights of the people."
Daily Nation, December 18, 1985.

Therefore, it is only by divine intervention that non-violent means can effectively counter state violence of the Museveni regime magnitude. The late Yasin Kawuma who was shot dead on the eve of the Arua by-election must be turning in his grave over Hon. Wadri's statement, if it is true.

change of guards

Thursday, 11 October 2018

UGANDA: Museveni lacks moral authority to speak on wildlife crime - PHOTOS


Uganda's military dictator, Museveni today presented a call to action on illegal Wildlife trade at a conference in London. According to his handlers, he will later hold a meeting with HRH Prince William, Duke of Cambridge at Buckingham Palace and attend a dinner hosted by the Giants Club.
The illegal wildlife trade is an urgent global issue, threatening some of the world’s most iconic species with extinction, damaging sustainable economic growth and the livelihoods of vulnerable people in rural communities.

Museveni lacks the moral authority to talk about the subject owing to the following facts:

1. Around early 2014 a ton of ivory was stolen from the government strong room by the army's Col. Charles Tusiime who had been attached to Uganda Wildlife Authority.

In early February 2015, a junior staff of UWA, Lance Corporal Evaristo Seete was shot dead by SIU personnel from his home in Kyebando, Kampala. The murder was to break the chain of evidence since the deceased had been one of the guards to the strong room from where Col. Charles Tusiime had earlier stolen the ton of ivory. 
New Vision's celebrated CNN Award winning environmental Journalist Gerald Tenywa who has for over a decade covered conservation related issues and in particular wildlife in Uganda had consistently kept the public posted about developments surrounding the ivory saga. Following the murder of the said witness Ranger, Geral Tenywa was next on the hit list. He faced direct and indirect threats from strangers and had to report to the police. 
Col. Charles Tusiime was simply recalled back to the army headquarters and given a pat on the back.

2. In May 2014, Custom authorities at Entebbe airport impounded 35 Rhino horns and 22 pieces of Elephant tusks. UWA law enforcement (Army and Rangers) connived with the Airport Police to steal two pieces of Rhino horns. They crafted fake rhino horns to put in place for the genuine ones. After selling them, they disagreed on how to share the proceeds. Their colleague who had helped with the crafting of the fake wooden rhino horns opted to spill the beans.

The thief turned whistle blower revealed how he had helped craft the two fake rhino horns and how he had earlier procured duplicate keys for the UWA ivory strong room. He went ahead to reveal that in a syndicate composed of both the army officers and UWA Rangers, they had accessed the strong room past midnight and loaded ivory. He further confirmed that it is was Col. Charles Tusiime who communicated to the guard on duty to allow the entry, removal and loading of ivory into a waiting NOAH van.

3. In January 2015, a total of 791kgs of ivory and 2029kgs of Pangolin scales were intercepted at Entebbe Airport. The consignment had been declared as communication equipment belonging to MTN destined for Denmark for repairs. Out of the 136 pieces (791kgs) of ivory, three pieces bore the UWA markings implying that they had originated from the UWA stock. Initially, an ENHAS cargo handler and the clearing agent were arrested by the Police. Shortly after, the driver of the truck that transported the contraband wildlife trophies led the Police to a warehouse in Kampala where the packaging had taken place. From that warehouse, a weighing scale and tools for cutting the ivory pieces into shape were recovered.

4. In March 2016, the police arrested red handed Major Rutagira Allen, Captain Kamugisha Collins both Uganda Peoples Defense Forces Staff while selling 21.5kgs of pure elephant ivory.
They were arrested at Hotel Africana Kampala. The officers of the UPDF are attached to the elite Presidential Guard Unit, the Special Forces Command (SFC) attached to Entebbe International Airport raising suspicions that they might have obtained the contraband from the coffers of the Airport. Kamugisha`s confession led to the arrest of George Otika, an accountant at Entebbe handling services and Able Bamonjobora, a State House driver.

5. In February 2017 the Ugandan authorities seized a ton of illegal ivory from a house in Kampala and arrested three West Africans they believed were plotting to ship it abroad. A Liberian and two Guinea-Bissau nationals were arrested for possessing the ivory.

6. In February 2017 the Police arrested Museveni's Presidential Advisor, Yekoyada Nuwagaba with ivory worth Shs 1bn in his house in Makindye, a Kampala suburb as he attempted to sell part of it to undercover law enforcement agents.

Around August 2006 the same Yekoyada Nuwagaba was involved in another scam involving an illegal consignment of 250 endangered tortoises that was destined for Thailand but only to be intercepted at the Kenyatta International airport in Nairobi by Interpol.

7. In June 2017, Museveni personally accused local officials and two Chinese diplomats of smuggling 1.3 metric tons (about 2,900 pounds) of ivory out of the country in 2014. He wrote to the IGG with instructions to carry out a probe into the matter. His letter named two Chinese diplomats, Li Wejin and Yinzhi, who allegedly collaborated with wildlife officials to export ivory from Congo, the Central African Republic and South Sudan. Chinese authorities quickly denied the accusation and pointed out that the diplomats named by the president were not stationed in Uganda. Days later, Uganda’s foreign ministry issued an apology.

8. World over, the best wildlife conservation practices involve collaboration with and benefits to local communities. In Museveni's Uganda, local communities don't matter. On June 25, 2018, four people from the communities neighboring Queen Elizabeth National Park were reportedly shot dead by the army.  It was disclosed that they had gone to the park to inspect their traps. Other reports indicate that the four people were shot as they skinned a buffalo.

In 2014, Museveni directed the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) and Game Rangers to shoot on sight any armed poacher found in game parks. He issued the decree in Kidepo National Park during the ceremony to mark 50 years of that park. At the time, his army had taken over security in the national parks and since then incidents of arbitrary killing of poachers and other wildlife related crime have been on the rise to correspond with the army's doubled presence.

9. In April 2018, eleven lions were poisoned to death at Hamukungu in Queen Elizabeth National Park. But because the culprit is from the pastoralist Basongora community, he was let off the hook while the Banyaruguru subsistance poachers are shot dead on the other side of the park.

10. “Today I have witnessed something very sad in Ishasha, whoever is around Ishasha find out you will confirm that UPDF soldiers have chased the Lions off their prey and took the whole of it to their barracks for food. These two male lions fought and killed their Buffalo and these hungry guys just came and took it."
A Tour Guide in Queen Elizabeth National Park narrating to Nile Post - Sept 13, 2018

“It's true, we have been around and all our clients are annoyed but only saying that the authorities have to do something” said another safari guide on the site.

Another person who is based in the area said “it happens all the time” However, the army Spokesman, Brig. Karemire refuted the claims thus;
“The UPDF is taking good care of the welfare of its soldiers including timely provision of rations,” army spokesperson, Richard Karemire told Nile Post.

Save for No. 4 above where the culprits were convicted and given lenient sentences, all the above major incidents were swept under the carpet and the vice is still highly prevalent in Uganda. Owing to his corrupt law enforcement and security officers, Uganda is now a major conduit of illegal wildlife trade from CAR, DRC and South Sudan to markets in the far east.

What about the illegal logging in South Sudan, Congo, CAR and inside Uganda by his security officers!! What about the wanton destruction of the forest cover, destruction of wetlands and general environmental degradation by his greed-driven policies!!!

Museveni should tell the world what deterrent measures he has taken to curb illegal wildlife trade. Instead, driven by the need to secure donor funding, he is busy posturing as a patron of wildlife conservation. The other day he was mocking conservationists that they were "conserving poverty" just because they were opposed to his so called investor from curving out a golf course in the Queen Elizabeth National Park.

change of guards

Wednesday, 10 October 2018

UGANDA: Museveni's cameras are a scarecrow for opposition protests - PHOTOS


With the installation of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras in urban areas, "the game is finished" for city criminals, President Yoweri Museveni has said. While launching the national safe city CCTV project in which at least 359 CCTV cameras have been installed in Kampala over the last three months, Museveni said now criminals can be monitored from near and far, during the day and night, before and after crime.

"The game is finished, it's finished for the criminals." Museveni said. The project is part of a government strategy to fight urban crime and beefing up security in Kampala Metropolitan area.

During the launch, the police IT experts disclosed that among other functions the cameras will be able to locate, raise alarm and notify the control centre on ANY BUILD UP OF CROWDS. By programming the cameras to raise alarm over crowds build-up, the regime is aiming at nabbing in the bud any attempts by citizens to assemble with intention of carrying out street protests. The regime strongly believes that the population may at one time raise up in protests against repression thus installation of cameras is one of such efforts to handle protests. Otherwise, the usual crime will continue since focus will be on monitoring the dissenting population and the opposition activists in particular.

Take an example below whereby privately installed cameras captured clearly identifiable footage but since then the perpetrators have never been gotten.

On May 22, 2016 a break in occurred at the offices of HUMAN RIGHTS AWARENESS AND PROMOTION FORUM-UGANDA (HRAPF), a human rights organization in Kampala, Uganda. A guard was murdered. The faces of the perpetrators were caught on camera. (see below) There was no arrest. Not only was there no justice, but this same organization HRAPF, was targeted again, experiencing a second violent break-in around February 2018.

These attacks came against the backdrop of a narrowing civic space and increasing incidents of break-ins at civil society organisations that have not been satisfactorily investigated or resolved. 

Since 2012, there have been reported break-ins at numerous organisations working in the field of human rights advocacy. Organisations such as the Uganda Land Alliance, the Foundation for Human Rights Initiative, the Legal Aid Service Providers Network, Akina Mama Wa Afrika and the Anti-Corruption Coalition have suffered break-ins in similar fashion and, despite timely reports to the police on all occasions, no arrests have ever been made.
It's because that particular criminal incident had been sanctioned by the state. The people whose identities were clearly identified could have even been hired from neighboring countries so that citizens are not able to identify them.

change of guards

UGANDA: But why is it only Rwandese at centre of illegal immigration to Uganda!!!


20000 National IDs Confiscated from Foreigners
By Godfrey Tugume
Posted on October 2, 2018
RELATED ITEMS: KISORO, NIRA Follow @chimpreports

Up to 20, 000 Uganda National Identity Cards have been confiscated from non-Ugandans by Immigration officers at the Katuna border point since 2015, officials have revealed.
Wallace Bindeeba the Katuna Cluster Immigration Officer says most of the confiscated IDs were owned by Rwandans who lived in the areas of Mubende, Kiboga, Kabarole and Kyankwazi.

This website has in the past repeatedly answered that question and here below we reproduce one such piece titled;

Change of Guards Blog | November 7, 2017

It is an open secret that for the last 40 years, Banyarwanda have been and continue to be the topmost players in social, economic and political life of Uganda. When Museveni took over power in 1986, he immediately enacted an Anti sectarianism law designed to contain the agitation by Ugandans over his preferential treatment of Banyarwanda. In 1995, he granted them citizenship through a constitutional provision that made them one of the indigenous tribes of Uganda.

The Museveni regime cohorts have vehemently argued that it is the ” insensitive and divisive colonial demarcation that divided some communities along the national boundaries. Uganda is bordered by Congo in the western and West Nile regions; Tanzania in the southern region; Kenya in the eastern region; Rwanda in the south-western region; and Sudan in the northern region. The Alur of Uganda’s Nebbi district are related to the Alur and Lundu of Ituri in eastern DRC.

Some tribes of West Nile region are related to communities across in Congo and South Sudan. The Madi and Acholi of northern Uganda are related to the Kuku, Nuer and Shiluk of South Sudan. The Banyoro, Batooro, Vamba and Bakonjo tribes of western Uganda are related to the Leega, Hema and Nandi tribes of eastern Congo respectively. The Bafumbira of South Western Uganda are related to the Banyarwanda of Rwanda and Rutshuru in Congo. The Samia, Iteso and Japadhola of Uganda’s Busia and Tororo are related to the Jaluo, Samia and Iteso of western Kenya. The Bagisu and Sabiny of eastern Uganda are related to the Luya and Kalenjin of western Kenya. The Karimojong of North eastern Uganda are related to the Topotha and Turkana of South Sudan and north-western Kenya respectively. The same applies to the Baganda and Banyankole of central, mid southern and western regions of Uganda and their relatives in Tanzania, the Haya, the Baziba and the Baganda Kyaka of Tanzania’s Kagera region.

In Kenya, Modi Awori was the Vice President while his blood brother, Aggrey Awori was contesting for the presidency in Uganda. What about Uganda’s Charles Onyango Obbos, Opondos, Wafula Ogutus and Kenya’s IBEC Chairman, Wafula Chebukati?????? How come in Uganda we only see the Nkurunzizas, the Nsengiumvas, the Kalekyezi’s, the Kalisas, the Mbonyes etc. at the centre of social, economic and political life of the country???? How come of all the 50+ tribes of Uganda it’s only the Banyarwanda who have a legally registered tribal association, the Association of Banyarwanda in Uganda (UMUBANO)????

The other day Kagame and Museveni convened a meeting at State House to iron out leadership wrangles of the UMUBANO. Two days ago, the Chairman of the Banyarwanda Association at KI University perished in a motor accident together with six other association members. Look at how the Banyarwanda Association threatened to storm Gen. Kalekyezi’s home if Frank Gashumba was not to be released from detention. What if Gashumba had chosen to call himself Frank Tumwebaze???

Gashumba was jointly accused with his younger brother who simply opted to drop ‘G’ and call himself (K)asumba. Is it a coincidence that even Journalist Stanley Ndaula was jointly charged with Robert Ndaula??? I bet if any other indigenous community of Uganda like the Acholi attempted to form an Association of Acholi in Uganda they would be accused of sectarianism and high treason. One of the crimes leveled against Iddi Amin was that he illegally recruited and relied on the Congolese and Sudanese in the civil, public and security services of his regime. Over to you.
Therefore, the Rwandese whose Ugandan IDs are being confiscated are mostly the Hutus who were dislodged from power by the Tutsis in 1994. With the help of their Hutu cousins, the Bafumbira of Kisoro, they have been spontaneously settling in different parts of Uganda under the guise of being Bafumbira.

Until the emergence of the ongoing bad blood between Museveni and Kagame, the Banyarwanda Tutsi had been spared. By granting them citizenship in the 1995 Constitution, Museveni targeted the Banyarwanda Tutsi and not Hutu. Moreover, unlike their Hutu counterparts, the Rwandese Tutsis are not easy to identify in Uganda owing to their adoption of local names, mastering of local customs and language but above all they are closely connected to the Kampala regime.


Tuesday, 9 October 2018

UGANDA: Independence brought disaster

Sorry state. A patient lies on a bed without a mattress in one of the wards at Busolwe Hospital in Butaleja District. Photo by Yahudu kitunzi 

Your Majesty the Queen of UK

May it please Your Majesty for me to draw your attention to the above mentioned subject matter.

Your Majesty, it is exactly 56 years since Uganda attained its so called independence. This year's independence anniversary is marked amidst heightened regrets by citizens for having attained the so called independence.

Your Majesty, since 1962 the country has witnessed the systematic destruction of the solid foundation that had been laid by the UK in areas of education, health, communication infrastructure and nation building in general. Quality education is for the few rich ones. Health services are appalling with mothers delivering on the roadside, operating theatres use torches as the source of light, the only viable health facilities are those built by the church during the colonial days. Those that were adopted by the government are in an appalling state.

Your Majesty, the only airport and electricity dam that were constructed by the colonial government still stand but can't withstand the pressure from the ever growing population. The only railway line that was built by the colonial government collapsed and there is no train service in Uganda. Despite the favourably God given climate, the cash crops like coffee, cotton and tea that had been introduced and promoted by the colonial government are no longer a national pride. Not to mention the once booming Kilembe copper mines. The population is swimming in terrible poverty.

Your Majesty, the only semblance of sustained development that was initiated by the Iddi Amin government was destroyed by the emergence of a Marxist oriented ruler who has held onto power for the last 32 years. The only achievement he has to show is the building of a regime army that has not only caused mayhem at home but in the entire region. He is mortgaging the country to China through reckless borrowing for substandard infrastructure.

Your Majesty, the national economy is sustained by external borrowing, remittances from economic migrants, pillaging from neighboring countries and export of citizens into slavery to the Middle East. Tourism is unsustainable owing to insecurity in the country. In the Queen Elizabeth National Park, soldiers grab Buffalo carcasses from lions for their own meals. The anticipated oil production is already owned by the Museveni family, friends and in-laws.

Your Majesty, in order to conceal their failures, these Marxists continue to deceive their citizens that their wealth was stolen by the colonial government. However, at the same time, for them, their families, friends and in-laws continue to seek better education and health services as well as hiding their ill gotten wealth in the same western countries that they bash.

Your Majesty, the most painful episode involves the level of brutality against citizens who dare to raise a voice against gross injustice. As you are aware, Uganda gained its independence peacefully. Citizens never witnessed the so called evils of colonialism but steady social, economic and political progress. The magnitude of brutality characterized by killings, maiming, exiling, curtailing of freedom, pillaging of national resources etc experienced since October 1962 has left citizens debating the viability of the so-called independence.

Your Majesty, it is that appalling social, economic and political mismanagement that accounts for the tens of thousands of black Africans perishing on the Mediterranean sea trying to reach Europe.

change of guards

Monday, 8 October 2018

UGANDA: National dialogue should first address Museveni's persecution of Muslims


The National Dialogue (ND) is a brain child of The Elders Forum of Uganda (TEFU) and the Inter-religious Council of Uganda (IRCU).
The Elders Forum of Uganda (TEFU) which is comprised of 13 eminent Uganda elders was founded in 2010 to provide an impartial space for dialogue particularly during electoral seasons.

It is envisioned as a non-state platform providing a neutral space for citizens and political actors to exchange ideas and build consensus on issues of national importance. It was launched on 2nd September, 2015 by Museveni at State House. He applauded the efforts of the Elders in promoting dialogue as a way of building consensus.

“Dialogue is very key for peace and unity in the country, hence the importance of this Elders Forum. Dialogue needed to be thorough, where all actors involved bring their issues to the table in a peaceful manner so as to achieve prosperity."

Founded in 2001, IRCU unites efforts of religious institutions to address issues of common concern. It is constituted by the Roman Catholic Church the Church of the Province of Uganda (Church Of Uganda-COU), the Uganda Orthodox Church (UOC), the Uganda Muslim Supreme Council (UMSC), the Seventh-day Adventist Uganda Union (SDAUU), the Born Again Faith in Uganda (BAF) and the National Alliance of Pentecostal and Evangelical Churches in Uganda (NAPECU).

It works to achieve peace and harmony within Uganda. Its mission is to promote dialogue and harmonious co-existence amongst all faith groups and encourage the non-violent resolution of conflicts. It advocates good governance and national reconciliation, and promotes dialogue across faith groups through joint prayers and exchange visits. 

IRCU works together with and coordinates inter-faith groups.
It strives to promote peaceful co-existence, moral and spiritual integrity, social-economic welfare and collaborative action through sharing knowledge and resources for the common good.

Funded by the Danish Embassy and UNDP respectively, the two organisations initiated a National Dialogue to address the country's impasse following the contestation of the February 2016 presidential elections. The National Dialogue seeks an agreement on national consensus to consolidate peace, democracy and inclusive development to achieve equal opportunity for all. 

Its scope includes countrywide consultations that started in 2017. IRCU in particular sought to convene three meetings; one among citizens, the second one with different political parties and another between Dr Kizza Besigye and President Museveni.

The National Dialogue is scheduled to be launched by Museveni on 21st November, 2018 and is exoected to culminate into a national conference in June 2019. It will evaluate what went wrong in the last 50 years. Quite a number of civil society organisations and pokitical parties are supportive of the initiative. 

Though there isn't much to expect from the dialogue because Museveni will simply use it to buy time, the initiative should be afforded the benefit of doubt since its the only option in sight for an amicable resolution of the political impasse.

However, if the National Dialogue is seriously committed, let it first address the explosive issue of systematic persecution of Muslims. Let it dialogue with the regime and Muslims as a matter of urgency before the matter runs out of hand. 

Muslims are targeted for concocted grave criminal charges, arbitrary arrests, torture, detention without trial, and extra judicial killings. Its not only a national shame but a highly sensitive and potentially explosive matter.

Since the police, Ministry of Justice, DPP, UHRC and the judiciary are so powerless that they can't come to the rescue of Muslims, may be the National Dialogue can address their persecution. 

The National Dialogue should first focus on the plight of Muslims and return to the mainstream political issues later. Ugandans want answers as what is going on between the Museveni regime and the Muslim victims of persecution.

change of guards